EMDR Therapy

About EMDR Therapy

EMDR Therapy: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a treatment that uses rhythmic left-to-right (bilateral) stimulation to help people recover from trauma or other traumatic life events. People believe that bilateral stimulation and focusing on the traumatic memory can lessen the emotional effects of the event. After that, you can start to get over the pain and fear that the trauma caused. Over time, being around these memories lessens or eliminates the bad feelings you have about them. Francine Shapiro, a psychotherapist, came up with EMDR in the late 1980s to treat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). EMDR is a type of therapy that is based on several different theories of psychotherapy, including ideas from cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).


EMDR is usually done once or twice a week for six to twelve sessions by licensed professionals. In its eight stages, EMDR therapy looks at the past, the present, and the future. Each step helps you get over emotional pain and trauma before teaching you how to deal with stress in the present and future. 

Step 1: Gather Information

The first step is to find out everything about your past. This could mean talking about upsetting memories, events, or experiences from the past, as well as your worries right now. You and your therapist will devise a therapy plan based on your past that focuses on certain memories or events.

Step 2: Getting Ready

Your therapist will help you learn ways to deal with stress and anxiety, like mental exercises.

Step 3: Taking Stock

EMDR Therapy: Your therapist will first ask you to choose one of the memories from phase one that you want to discuss.

You Can Tell The Following Things About The Chosen Memory:

  1. A clear memory of a powerful image
  2. A skewed view of oneself
  3. Feelings and things that happen in the body that are connected

You will also be asked to think of something good about yourself that has to do with the image in your mind. You will be asked to judge how true this belief is.

Step 4: Desensitization

EMDR Therapy: As long as you keep thinking about the memory in question, your therapist will lead you through sets of stimulation. Some of the things in these sets are eye movements, taps on the skin, and sounds. After each set of stimulation, your therapist will tell you to clear your mind and talk about any ideas, thoughts, memories, feelings, or images that come to mind. The next set of questions will focus on any bad feelings you may still be having. This method is used repeatedly until the memory in question no longer bothers you. The goal of EMDR is to break down any links you may have made between certain memories and bad feelings.

Step 5: Setting Up

In the fifth stage of EMDR, the thought that helped you in the third stage is repeated. This is a good chance to change the way you feel about things. Once the target memory no longer makes you feel bad, your therapist will tell you to think about how hopeful you feel. Your therapist will guide you through more sets of stimuli while you think about the memories and ideas you want to change.

Step 6: Body Scan

After you have strengthened the target memory and positive belief, your therapist will want you to write down any physical reactions you have when you think about them. This is done to see if any problems haven’t been solved. If you still have tension, your therapist will give you more stimulation sets until it’s gone.

Step 7: The End

Every meeting ends with a closing. At this point, you and your therapist will talk about your progress and how to keep it going. Between appointments, your therapist may assign homework to aid your recovery.

Among The More Common Types Of Homework Are:

  1. Keeping a daily journal to record your progress and the new ways you find to relax is a good idea.
  2. Visualization, which lets you imagine facing your problems step by step, could be encouraged.
  3. Visualization is a self-help technique that involves putting yourself in a peaceful place in your mind.

Step 8: Reevaluation

EMDR Therapy: Every meeting starts with a reevaluation. Your therapist will talk to you about how well the therapy and self-relaxation techniques are working and what your mental state is like right now. They will ask if any of them remember things that have come up since the last session. At this point, you’ll also decide what to do with any more targeted memories you found in phase one.

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