About Professional Physical Therapy
Physical therapists try to keep people from getting hurt or disabled and improve their range of motion and quality of life. Rehabilitation centers, nursing homes, private practices, outpatient clinics, and hospitals employ physical therapists, home health care providers, and facilities for physical activity and sports.
A professional physical therapist helps a patient through all stages of recovery, from the first diagnosis to restorative and preventative therapy. Professional physical therapy can be used on its own or in combination with other treatments. Some people go to a physical therapist because their doctor told them to, while others go on their own.
The World Confederation For Physical Therapy Says That Physical Therapists Are Trained So That They Can:
- Evaluate a person’s performance, movement, flexibility, muscles and joints, and medical history by conducting a physical exam.
- Give a clinical diagnosis, a prognosis, and a treatment plan with short-term and long-term goals.
- Do physical therapist treatments and interventions.
- Suggest ways for the person to take care of themselves, like exercises they can do at home.
In Addition To Physical Manipulation, The Following May Be Used As Part Of Physical Therapy Treatments:
- Iontophoresis is a way to give a person medicine, like topical steroids, by using an electric current. This could make the inflammation go away.
- Electrical stimulation, or “e-stim,” comes in two forms. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation reduces pain. On the other hand, neuromuscular electrical stimulation makes the muscles work harder by activating the motor units in the muscles.
- Therapeutic uses of heat, moist heat, and cold may help with various diseases.
- Light therapy is when lasers and special lights treat certain health problems.
Common Maladies Physical Therapy Might Be Able To:
Depending on their area of specialization, physical therapists can provide extra therapy for various medical problems. Physical therapists try to help patients recover as quickly as possible or give them advice on how to improve their movement patterns, even though they can’t treat medical conditions other than pure musculoskeletal problems on their own.
Some Conditions That Could Be Helped By Physical Therapy Are:
- Cardiopulmonary diseases like heart failure after a heart attack, cystic fibrosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Hand disorders such as trigger finger and carpal tunnel syndrome are common.
- Musculoskeletal disorders, such as problems with the jaw joint, back pain, and torn rotator cuffs
- Neurological illnesses include TBI, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, and vestibular dysfunction.
- Illnesses like cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy in children
- Injuries from sports, like tennis elbow and concussions,
- Female health, such as urinary incontinence, lymphedema, and pelvic floor dysfunction
- Skin conditions or injuries, like diabetic ulcers, burns, and wound care
Depending on what is being treated, physical therapy may have different benefits. Some of these benefits are:
- Relief from pain with less need for opioids
- Not undergoing surgery
- Better movement and mobility
- Recovery from an accident or injury
- Getting better from a stroke or being paralyzed
- Safety from falling
- Balance is better now.
- Taking care of health problems that come with getting older.
A sports therapist can help athletes improve their performance by strengthening certain body parts and teaching them new ways to use their muscles. A physical therapist or another expert in health care can tell people about the benefits that are best for them based on their medical history and treatment needs.
Many physical therapists choose to specialize because there are many different kinds of physical treatment. Here are just a few:
- Orthopedic Physical Therapy: It treats injuries to the muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones, and fascia, which are all part of the musculoskeletal system. It can help with broken bones, sprains, tendinitis, bursitis, long-term conditions, and getting better after orthopedic surgery. Joint mobilization, manual therapy, strength training, mobility training, and other forms of therapy can help patients.
- Geriatric Physical Therapy: This can help older people with conditions like arthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, hip and joint replacement, balance disorders, and incontinence, which make it hard to move around and do other physical tasks. This care is meant to improve physical fitness, ease pain, and get people moving again.
- Neurological Physical Therapy: People with neurological conditions like strokes, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, cerebral palsy, Alzheimer’s disease, brain injury, and cerebral palsy can benefit from neurological physical therapy. The treatment goals could be to increase limb response, improve movement patterns, control tone, build strength, and improve balance.
- Cardiovascular And Pulmonary Rehabilitation: This can help people get better after surgery or if they have a heart or lung problem. Treatment can improve stamina and the endurance of muscles and the heart.
- Wound Care Therapy: Increasing circulation can help ensure that a healing wound gets enough blood and oxygen. Physical therapy could include hand-on treatments, e-stim, compression therapy, and wound care.
- Vestibular Physical Therapy: The goal of vestibular treatment is to help people with inner ear illnesses who have trouble keeping their balance. Exercises and manual techniques used in vestibular physical therapy can help patients regain their balance and coordination.
- Decongestive Therapy: This can help people with lymphedema and other diseases that cause fluid to build up get rid of the fluid that has built up.
- Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation: This can help treat pelvic floor problems like fecal or urine incontinence, urinary urgency, and pelvic pain caused by injuries, surgeries, or other conditions.