How Do You Get Hepatitis A And B?

How Do You Get Hepatitis A And B?

How Do You Get Hepatitis A And B? The liver inflammation known as hepatitis. Substance abuse, excessive alcohol use, or underlying health issues could all play a role. The majority of cases, however, may be traced back to a virus. The most frequent types of viral hepatitis are hepatitis A, B, and C.

Ailments From Hepatitis

During the acute phase of hepatitis infection, which typically lasts for a few weeks, some people may show no symptoms at all. Types A, B, and C can cause a variety of symptoms, including weakness, nausea, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, a low-grade fever, and a yellowing of the skin or eyes, but these symptoms only appear seldom (jaundice). Symptoms of chronic hepatitis B and C may not present themselves for a long time. The liver may have already been damaged by the time symptoms appear.

Causes: How Do You Get Hepatitis A And B?

Hepatitis A

Fecal-oral transmission is the primary mode of hepatitis A spread. That’s because infectious people excrete viruses. Without basic hand hygiene, people risk contaminating themselves with the virus. Then, the infected person may spread the disease by contacting others, who may then bite their nails, handle food, etc., or by eating or touching contaminated surfaces. 

It can also spread through water contamination. Hepatitis A can also be transmitted through sexual contact or the sharing of needles, though both modes of transmission are much less prevalent. Many infected persons show no signs of illness, yet they can still spread the virus to others.

Those Who Are Most Likely To Contract Hepatitis A Are:

anyone sharing a home with an infected individual

  • Daycare goers and those who care for them
  • Men who are homosexual
  • Users of recreational drugs
  • Sexually promiscuous individual

Travelers from the Middle East, South America, Eastern Europe, Central Africa, Southeast Asia, or other regions where contaminated food or water is more likely to be found. Fluids from the body, especially blood, can transmit hepatitis B. Sexual contact, needle sharing, tattooing, and piercing all pose risks, as can transmission from mother to child during birthing. 

An additional problem with hepatitis B is that some infected people became lifelong carriers, even if they never develop symptoms. Many infected persons exhibit no outward signs of illness, yet they can still spread the virus to others. These persistent bearers are predisposed to liver failure and cancer of the liver.

High-Risk Groups For Hepatitis B Infection Include:
  • Injection drug users
  • People who have unprotected sex
  • Men who are homosexual
  • Inhabitants of incarceration facilities
  • Individuals who have lately been in the Middle East, South America, Eastern Europe, Central America, Africa, or Southeast Asia
  • Making the Diagnosis

Whether you have antibody in your blood against hepatitis A or B can be determined by obtaining a blood sample and sending it to a lab. If you do, then you have exposed to hepatitis A or B. When testing for hepatitis B, the lab will also look to see whether any hepatitis B antigens are present in your blood.

How Do You Get Hepatitis A And B? Your doctor will undertake a thorough examination, ask you questions about your symptoms, and run testing (such as liver enzyme and function tests) to arrive at a diagnosis.

Modalities Of Care And Preventative Measures

How Do You Get Hepatitis A And B? Within 4-8 weeks of experiencing symptoms, the vast majority of persons who have hepatitis A or B will recover without medication. Vaccines exist for both hepatitis A and hepatitis B. Vaccines against these diseases have been found to be highly effective. 

Those who are susceptible to these diseases should get immunised. Vaccination regimens against hepatitis B are available to students in Canadian schools. Protect yourself from potentially deadly hepatitis illnesses by being vaccinated before you leave. Don’t eat from the local food supply while you’re away. Eating and drinking from pre-packaged goods and using bottled water can help prevent hepatitis infections.

You may be eligible to get immune globulin, which includes antibodies that may help prevent and lessen the severity of hepatitis A or B infections, if you have been exposed to the virus (for example, if you have recently had sexual intercourse with someone infected with the virus). In most cases, the sooner immune globulin is administered after exposure, the better.

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