Vaccine for Hepatitis A

The hepatitis A vaccine is effective in preventing hepatitis A. Hepatitis Is a devastating liver disease that affects millions of people worldwide. In most cases, it is transferred through close, intimate contact with the infected or when a person unwittingly consumes the viruses from objects, food, or beverages that have been contaminated with small quantities of stool (poop) out of an infected person (also known as cross-contamination).

The majority of adults with hepatitis A experience symptoms such as fatigue, decreased appetite, stomach pain, nausea, and jaundice (yellow skin or eyes, dark urine, light-colored bowel movements). The majority of youngsters under the age of six do not exhibit any symptoms.

Hepatitis A is contagious and can be spread to others even if a person afflicted with it does not show any signs or symptoms of the disease himself or herself. The majority of people who have hepatitis A will be sick for many weeks, but they will recover entirely and will not suffer any long-term liver damage. When left untreated, hepatitis A can lead to liver failure and death in rare circumstances; this is more prevalent in those over the age of 50 and in those who already have liver disease.

Because to the hepatitis A vaccine, this disease has become much less common in the United States. However, outbreaks of hepatitis A among persons who have not been vaccinated continue to occur.

Hepatitis A vaccine is required in two doses for children:

  • The first dose is given to children between the ages of 12 and 23 months.
  • The second dose should be administered at least 6 months following the first dose.

Children 6 to 11 months old who are travelling outside the United States and for whom protection against hepatitis A is advised should receive one dose of hepatitis A vaccine at the time of travel. In order to provide long-lasting protection, these youngsters should still receive two extra doses at the specified ages.

Adults, older children, and adolescents between the ages of 2 and 18 who have not been vaccinated previously should get immunized. Adults who have not previously received a hepatitis A vaccination and who wish to be protected against the disease can also receive the vaccine.

Hepatitis Additionally, the following individuals might consider being vaccinated:

  • Travelers from other countries
  • Guys who have sexual interaction with other men are considered to be heterosexual.
  • Individuals that take drugs through injection or non-injection
  • Individuals who are at risk for infection due to their job
  • Adoptive parents who expect to have frequent touch with an overseas adoptee
  • Individuals who are suffering homelessness
  • HIV-positive individuals
  • People who suffer from chronic liver illness

Those who have not previously gotten hepatitis A vaccine or who have direct interaction with someone who has hepatitis A should get the vaccine as soon as feasible within the 2 weeks after being exposed to the virus. Hepatitis It is possible to administer a vaccine at the same time as another vaccine.

Consult with your health-care professional.

Inform your vaccination provider if the person receiving the vaccine has any of the following characteristics:

Does not have any serious, life-threatening allergies and has not had an allergic reaction to a previous dose of the hepatitis A vaccination.

When it comes to hepatitis A vaccine, your health care professional may decide to postpone the procedure until a later appointment.

If you are at risk of contracting hepatitis A, you should get vaccinated while you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Pregnancy and nursing are not reasons to forgo being vaccinated against hepatitis A.

People who are suffering from minor ailments, such as a cold, may be eligible for vaccination. In most cases, those who are moderately or severely ill should wait until they have recovered before receiving the hepatitis A vaccination.

More information on this can be obtained from your health-care provider.

The dangers of a vaccination reaction

  • After receiving the hepatitis A vaccination, some people experience soreness , redness in which the shot was administered, as well as fever, headache, fatigue, and lack of appetite.
  • After medical procedures, such as immunisation, it is common for people to experience dizziness. Inform your healthcare practitioner if you have dizziness, visual problems, or ringing in the ears.
  • As with any medication, there is also a very small chance that a vaccine will cause a severe allergy, other serious harm, or even death in some people.

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