Vaccine for Hepatitis B

Infection with the virus that causes hepatitis B, which destroys the liver, results in a life-threatening condition. Histoplasmosis, or damage to the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and death are all possible consequences of the virus, which is known as hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis B virus (HBV)

Hepatitis B vaccine is available for individuals of all ages. Infants, children, and adolescents younger than 19 years of age who have not previously had the hepatitis B vaccine, as well as adults aged 19 to 59 years and adults aged 60 and older who have risk factors for hepatitis B infection, are all recommended to receive the hepatitis B vaccine. Adults 60 years of age and older who do not have recognised risk factors for hepatitis B may potentially be eligible to receive the hepatitis B vaccine.

The hepatitis B vaccine is administered as a single injection (or shot) in the arm, followed by a three-dose series of injections. A vaccine schedule of 0 months, 1 month, and 6 months is recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO), though schedules may vary depending on the country’s national immunisation programme. It is important to have the whole series of hepatitis B vaccines, which should be started as early as possible in childhood. This will offer protection against hepatitis B and delta, as well as a lower lifetime risk of liver cancer. A lifetime infection with hepatitis B will occur in more than 90 percent of babies and up to 50 percent of young children who are not immunised and infected with the virus before birth, making the birth dosage critical to their protection. Remember that vaccine brand names, manufacturers, and associated vaccination regimens for adults, children, and babies may differ from country to country, however there is a list of WHO-prequalified vaccinations available.

3-Dose Vaccine Series For Infants

The World Health Organisation recommends that all newborns receive the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine within 24 hours after birth (often referred to as the “birth dose”), and that they complete the vaccine series with further doses at 1 month and 6 months of age, as prescribed. If you want to provide your child with lifelong protection against hepatitis B, vaccination should begin at birth.

3-Dose Vaccine Series For Children And Adults

If you haven’t already, start protecting yourself against hepatitis B today! Immunisation against hepatitis B infection is available for children and people older than one year of age, and the vaccine provides them with lifetime protection against the disease. Children are immunised three times, at the ages of 0, 1, and six months. In order to provide complete and long-term protection, a third dose must be administered. It is important to remember that if an alternate schedule is recommended, a fourth booster dosage should be provided at one year to ensure the best potential long-term protection.

4-Dose Combination Vaccine Series For Infants (Pentavalent Or Hexavalent)

There are several nations where the administration of a “pentavalent vaccine,” which protects against five different infections, including hepatitis B, is standard practice. Unfortunately, due to the fact that the first dosage of the “pentavalent vaccine” is delivered at 6 weeks of age, babies are not protected against the hepatitis B virus from the moment they are created, as was the case in the past.

The first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine must be given to a newborn within 24 hours of birth in order for the baby to be totally protected against the hepatitis B virus. If the vaccine is not given within 24 hours of birth, the baby will not be completely protected. This situation necessitates the use of hepatitis B “monovalent vaccination,” which refers to a vaccine that is only effective against hepatitis B. From the time they are six weeks old, babies can finish the immunisation series with three doses of the combination “pentavalent” vaccine, which is provided in three successive injections over the course of three weeks.

Because the “monovalent” hepatitis B vaccination (as opposed to the “pentavalent vaccine”) protects against a lifetime chronic hepatitis B infection, it is crucial that babies receive the “monovalent” hepatitis B vaccine at birth rather than the “pentavalent vaccine.” Infants born to mothers who have been infected with hepatitis B are at high risk of being chronically infected with the virus unless they receive the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine during the first 12-24 hours of their lives.

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