List Of The 10 Most Vaccine Preventable Diseases List
One of the most contagious viral infections that affects all parts of a person’s respiratory system, including lungs.
When someone with measles coughs or sneezes, the virus spreads through the air. Also, it can last for as long as two hours if they touched something. 90% of those who aren’t immune will contract the disease if they are in close proximity to an infected individual.
What makes it so serious: The measles could really brain swelling, cause pneumonia, as well as death. Pre-vaccine measles cases in the United States ranged from 3 to 4 million per year, with 48,000 requiring hospitalisation and 400 to 500 deaths.
2. Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
It’s a lung infection which causes excruciating coughing and, as a result, makes it difficult to breathe.
When someone with whooping cough sneezes or coughs, the pertussis bacteria can be inhaled by others.
What makes it so grave: It is especially dangerous for infants under the age of one. Pneumonia, seizures, and breathing difficulties are all possible outcomes of whooping cough.
Viral infection of a nose, throat, and lungs causes this illness.
Flu droplets can travel up to six feet when someone coughs, sneezes, or talks. Airborne transmission or contact with an infected person’s bodily fluids can transmit the virus.
What makes it so serious: Each year, the flu claims the lives of up to 61,000 Americans. Asthma and diabetes patients are particularly vulnerable to flu-related complications.
What is it? Muscle disease is caused by a virus which affects the muscles.
The polio virus can be found in the intestines, which is how you get it. Contact with such a sick person’s faeces can cause infection.
Polio could cause paralysis, Polio could cause paralysis, It was among the most dreaded and deadly diseases of the twentieth century. Vaccination has greatly reduced the number of cases of polio, but disease is far from eradicated.
5. Pneumococcal Diseases
Bacterial disease that can cause pneumonia, ear and blood infections, as well as meningitis, among other illnesses
You get it by making contact with the mucus or saliva of an infected person.
Why it’s so serious: Complications could be life-threatening and serious. Pneumonia is particularly lethal in the elderly. If something causes meningitis or even a blood infection, these can be fatal.
Lockjaw, breathing difficulties, muscle spasms, paralysis, & death are all symptoms of this bacterial disease.
The bacteria which causes tetanus can be found in dust, soil, & animal manure, so that’s how you get it. An open wound or a cut is all it takes for it to get into your system.
Tetanus kills between 10 and 20 percent of its victims. People with diabetes and those over the age of 60 have a higher death rate.
7. Meningococcal Disease
Meningitis, an infection of the brain and spine, and swelling are all possible outcomes of this bacterial disease. It is also capable of spreading through the bloodstream.
An infected person’s nose and throat are filled with bacteria that cause it. If you kiss or live with those who are infected, the disease can spread to you. Symptoms include fever, headache, and neck stiffness. The sooner you get diagnosed and treated, the better.
What makes it so serious: Meningococcal disease kills between 1,000 and 1,200 people in the United States each year. Up to 15% of patients die despite the use of antibiotics.
8. Hepatitis B
What it is: Hepatitis B virus-induced chronic liver disease.
People with hepatitis B carry the virus in one‘s blood or other body fluids, making it easy for others to contract it. This virus is typically spread by adults via sex or needle sharing. In the case of pregnancy, it can be passed on to the foetus. The virus that causes AIDS, hepatitis B, is 100 times extra contagious than HIV.
Causes of concern: Liver cancer or other serious, potentially fatal ailments of the liver can result.
An infection of the salivary glands, which results in painful swelling, along with a high fever, a stiff neck, and muscle aches and pains. Tiredness and a lack of appetite are two other side effects.
Getting mumps is as simple as breathing in the virus from a person who has the illness, which is spread through coughing or sneezing.
What makes it so serious: It can cause meningitis, which can lead to deafness & sterility in men, as well as other long-term health issues. Because of the MMR vaccine (measles, mumps, and rubella), cases of mumps are now extremely rare in the US. However, outbreaks continue to occur, most often among those who spend a lot of time together, such as those who live in a dorm.
10. Hib (Haemophilus Influenzae Type B)
Pneumonia, meningitis, bloodstream, bone, or joints are all examples of diseases caused by bacteria.
There are some people who do have Hib bacteria in one‘s nose or throat, but who are not afflicted. Viruses and bacteria are spread through the air when someone coughs or sneezes. Because of the fragility of their immune systems, infants & young children are particularly vulnerable.
What makes it so grave: Up until the introduction of the Hib vaccine, approximately 20,000 American children under the age of five were infected with the disease each year. About 3% – 6% of them have been killed.